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4 Different Types of Commercial Trucks

Kinds of Commercial Trucks,Types, and Styles

Commercial trucks are typically based on a vehicle’s weight rating, which is sometimes known as its GVWR. Weight classes range from 1 to 8.  GVWR classifications exist in order to make sure that trucks are not overloaded beyond a safe operating weight.
Below, our expert truck accident lawyers will discuss the various types of commercial trucks a motorist may encounter on California’s roadways. If you have suffered injuries as a result of a truck accident, West Coast Trial Lawyers is always here to answer any questions you may have about truck accident claims and damages.

Types of Trucks

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Oversized Load Trucks. These heavy trucks are primarily used to carry large machinery or equipment. They are typically extra long, move very slowly, and require special permits to operate.

18-Wheelers. These trucks are very common and are sometimes known as big rigs or semi-trucks. 18-wheelers are known for having enclosed trailers and large sliding doors at the back of the truck. What is thought of as the typical 18-wheeler has an enclosed trailer with a large sliding entrance at the rear of the truck. 18-wheelers are the first type of commercial truck that people usually think of.

18-wheelers require a commercial driver’s license and are very difficult to operate largely because of the trailer and the tractor.

Flatbed Trucks. These trucks are part truck and part trailer. The trailer portion is flat and open. Much like oversized load trucks, flatbeds are made to transport heavy equipment and large machinery.

Due to the weight and size of the cargo being transported, an accident with a flatbed can have more severe consequences than with an 18-wheeler.

Tanker Trucks. These types of commercial trucks are part truck and part liquid carrying trailer.  As they typically carry flammable liquids or corrosive material, they are necessarily subject to special regulations.

Dump Trucks. We’ve all seen these on the freeway. These trucks are, of course, used to carry used construction materials. They can also be the familiar trash truck that makes the rounds around the neighborhood. The danger of a trash truck is that it often must back up. It is common for a dump truck driver to not see a vehicle behind it and back into it, causing property damage and injuries.

Available Damages

Accidents happen. If you were injured as a result of someone else’s negligence, you may be entitled to compensation for your losses. Below is a brief explanation of damages. Damages are a type of monetary award that is determined by a court of law to help compensate an aggrieved individual for any losses or injuries sustained as a result of someone’s negligence.

Economic Damages
Economic damages are intended to compensate a plaintiff for losses that a dollar amount can readily be attached to. Economic damages are calculated by determining the amount of out-of-pocket losses an aggrieved individual has or will expect to incur as a result of their injuries.

A few examples of economic losses include:

  • Loss of Earning Capacity
  • Medical Bills
  • Lost Wages

Non-Economic Damages
Non-economic damages are essentially intended to cover losses that are thought of as subjective and will not necessarily cover out-of-pocket losses. Non-economic damages may include compensation for:

  • Emotional Distress
  • Pain and Suffering
  • Loss of Enjoyment of Life

Punitive Damages
The third type of damages a California court may award are known as punitive damages. Punitive damages are intended as punishment and are only awarded when a defendant’s behavior is especially harmful. Punitive damages are relatively rare and in fact were only incorporated in 5 percent of all verdicts.

Furthermore, there is no real set standard for calculating and awarding punitive damages. Punitive damages are awarded at the court’s discretion and will vary depending on the specific circumstances of a case.

Contact Us to Find Out How We Can Help

If you have sustained injuries in the city of Los Angeles as a result of a truck accident, a skilled truck accident attorney at West Coast Trial Lawyers can help you recover compensation for the losses you have suffered, including medical bills, property damage, lost wages, and pain and suffering. Call us today at (213) 927-3700 or email [email protected] to schedule a free consultation with our experienced, caring, and compassionate legal team.


If you have been injured in an accident, you can count on the legal team at West Coast Trial Lawyers to fight for your rights every step of the way. Contact us today to schedule your free case evaluation with a personal injury attorney.
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