It is perfectly normal for a child to want to explore and grow beyond the confines of school and home. However, the world can be a dangerous place for children who are exploring and testing boundaries for the first time, especially on roadways.
According to recent data, children who suffered a pedestrian accident between the ages of 4-12 accounted for 17,342 serious injuries and 219 deaths. Pedestrian accident related deaths are the third leading cause of death for children between the ages of 5-14.
It has been estimated that $300 million dollars are spent every year in medical costs for inpatient medical care to treat injured children. While data indicates that all young children are at an especially high risk of being involved in a pedestrian accident, male boys are most vulnerable, accounting for 64% of all fatalities. The next most common groups of children affected by pedestrian fatalities are Caucasians and African Americans.
Adolescent children are at heightened risk , especially when walking after dark, while intoxicated, or simply while distracted by their cell phones. Dart out situations, such as when a child suddenly jumps into a street while chasing after a toy or pet are very common, as well. And sometimes, as mentioned, children do not fully understand the risk of an oncoming vehicle and will simply enter a street believing it is safe to do so.