Determining who’s at fault for a car accident can be a bit tricky. There are differences between who caused the collision and who is legally at fault. Determining who is at fault will affect whose insurance will be used to pay for damages to any vehicles involved, as well as which driver will be held responsible for any personal injuries sustained.
Normally, the driver who initiated the accident would have to pay for all the damages they caused. However, there is a complicated system of determining fault. There is a chance of having a percentage of the blame distributed to each driver that contributed to any part in causing or failing to avoid the collision -- in California, this is known as comparative negligence. This means that there may be different monetary obligations for each party involved.
In general, any driver who violates traffic laws is subject to facing consequences for their actions. If one of the drivers is given a citation for running a light or stop sign, speeding, or any other violation, they will potentially be at fault and carry the most liability.
An example could be a driver who cuts across several lanes of traffic to make a turn which then causes the cars behind him or her to slam their brakes. One of the drivers may fail to brake in time, thus rear-ending several other vehicles who also made an immediate stop.
While the accident was primarily caused by the driver who decided to cut across traffic, the driver who failed to make a stop may also share a degree of the fault for following too closely.
Determining liability after a car accident in the state of California can be a complex process, especially when multiple parties are involved, but it is generally based on negligence. This means that the driver who caused harm to another will typically be held liable for any injuries sustained, as well as the resulting damages.
As it relates to car accidents, negligence is usually some form of careless or reckless behavior. Common examples of driver negligence include:
- Driving while under the influence
- Not paying attention to the road
- Disobeying traffic laws
Negligent behavior is unacceptable. Every driver has a duty of care while behind the wheel. This means that all drivers are legally responsible for using reasonable care while operating a vehicle. They must also be mindful of pedestrians and road conditions, as well as maintain control of their vehicle.
If you were injured by another driver, you must be able to show that the other party’s negligence directly caused your injuries. The legal standard for negligence in the state of California will consider the following three elements:
- The defendant owed the plaintiff a duty of care,
- The defendant breached his or her duty of care through negligence, and
- The defendant’s negligence was the primary cause of the injuries sustained.