Cold Burn vs Hot Burn
Cold Burn vs Hot Burn — Insight From Experienced Burn Attorneys
An open flame or a high temperature aren’t the only forms of getting a burn injury. In fact, both heat and cold can burn a person’s skin. When someone is exposed to severe cold and it causes skin damage, this is called an ice burn or frostbite.
Not all burn injuries need medical attention, some minor ones can even be treated at home. It’s the burns that cause lasting damage to the skin, muscles, and bones that can require long-term medical care.
Being exposed to extremely low temperatures can result in the blood vessels becoming more narrow. This may redirect the blood to the vital organs to protect them, which could cause a reduced volume of blood to reach areas of the body that are far from the central organs. This is primarily why your hands, fingers, feet, and toes become prone to cold burn injuries.
People with the highest risk of cold burn injuries are young children and older people. Furthermore, those who are under the influence of drugs or alcohol may not react to the cold similarily as a sober person. They will not be able to notice any discomfort caused by the cold exposure, which can lead to cold burns.
Some symptoms of a cold burn can include:
- Red, white, dark, or gray skin
- Hard or waxy skin
Other factors that can cause an ice burn include:
- Performing sports activities in cold temperatures, particularly during the winter time
- Taking medication that restricts blood flow
- Medical conditions that impair circulation, like diabetes
- Peripheral neuropathy or other conditions that decrease an individual’s ability to notice injuries
- Raynaud’s phenomenon
An ice burn is somewhat different from a frostbite. While an ice burn is the result of coming into contact with ice or ice packs, frostbite happens when the exposure of the body to extremely low temperatures causes the skin and tissue beneath it to freeze.
Frostbite can cause permanent damage if it penetrates deeper layers of the skin and damages tissue, and even bone. Ice burns can only cause scarring depending on the area and layers of tissue that are affected. If a burn only pierces through the epidermis, it may not cause as much scarring. However, injuries that harm the dermis are more serious wounds that can leave scarring.
In order to prevent ice burns and frostbite, it’s advisable to have appropriate clothing on for cold or windy weather. Moreover, a prevalent mistake when applying an ice pack is placing it directly on the skin. To prevent an ice burn, place a cloth or towel between the skin and the ice pack.
People can usually treat a superficial ice burn at home with first aid. However, if an individual experiences a severe cold burn, they should visit the doctor as soon as possible. Some signs and symptoms that indicate you should seek medical attention for an ice burn or cold burn include:
- Skin numbness
- Skin becomes white, dark, or gray
- Body becomes unresponsive or nonfunctional
- Skin becomes cold or hard after warming
- Blood-filled blisters
- Increased pain
- Burn changing colors
- Pus or green discharge found on the burn site
If you’re seriously concerned about an ice or cold burn, you should get checked out by a doctor who specializes in burn injuries.
Hot burns are what we generally associate with when we hear the word “burn” — the type that results in tissue damage caused by electricity, radiation, heat, or chemicals. According to the Cleveland Clinic, almost half a million citizens in the United States need medical care to treat hot burns each year. The most common victim of a burn injury are children. Every day, over 300 children are admitted to the emergency room to receive medical care for an accidental burn. Teenagers and older adults are also at risk of experiencing a hot burn.
And while first-degree burns and most second-degree burns can be healed with at-home treatments, third-degree burns can be life-threatening and require immediate medical care. It’s not news to anyone that burns can be painful. However, lack of proper care can lead to an infection.
Burn symptoms will vary depending on the severity or degree of the burn. These symptoms can include:
- Peeling skin
- White or burnt skin
Moreover, some of the most common burn injury causes include:
- Scalding water
- Kitchen accidents
- Construction site accidents
- Fireworks accidents
- Car accidents
- Restaurant accidents
- Tanning salon burns
- Chemical burns
West Coast Trial Lawyers Is Here to Help
A burn injury attorney at West Coast Trial Lawyers can help you recover financial compensation for the losses you have suffered, including medical bills, lost wages, pain and suffering, and more.