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Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms

5 Signs of a Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injuries are mainly caused by heavy blows to the head or violent jolts. TBI can also steam from a shattered piece of the skull or foreign object entering the brain tissue. Mild traumatic brain injuries can vary in duration and physical effects while more severe brain injuries can create bruising, torn tissue, as well as bleeding and serious physical damage.

The most serious of these injuries can result in life-long complications or death. Traumatic brain injuries have a myriad of physical and psychological effects that can take time to develop.

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms

Physical symptoms
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  • Dizziness or loss of balance
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fatigue or drowsiness
  • Oversleeping
  • Speech problems
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Disorientation

Sensory symptoms 
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  • Sensitive to sound
  • Sensitive to light
  • Blurred vision
  • Bad taste in mouth
  • Inability to smell
  • Blind spots or double vision
  • Difficulty recognizing objects
  • Skin tingling
  • Problems with balance

Cognitive Symptoms
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  • Extreme confusion
  • Slurred speech
  • Coma and other disorders of consciousness
  • Aggression and combativeness
  • Lack of awareness
  • Lack of self-control
  • Depression
  • Anxiety

Physical Complications

  • Are an unfortunate side effect of a traumatic brain injury. They can appear any time after the injury and are sometimes referred to as post-traumatic epilepsy.
  • Fluids in the brain. The brain can begin to swell after cerebrospinal fluid fills the empty spaces between the skull and brain.
  • Are caused by tears and rips in the brain that allow bacteria to enter the brain.
  • Blood vessel damage. Damage to the bloodstream can cause a stroke, blood clots, and a cornucopia of issues.
  • Extreme dizziness.


  • People who are in a coma due to a brain injury are unconscious and can not respond to any outside stimuli. A coma can last anywhere from days to years.
  • Vegetative state. Like a coma, a vegetative state puts you in an unconscious state. However, those who are in a vegetative state may make sounds or respond to reflexes. They may even enter a semi-conscious state.
  • Brain death. This occurs when there is no activity happening in the brain. Being brain dead is irreversible and the body can not survive without the help of high-tech machinery.
  • Minimally conscious state. This is a condition of severely altered consciousness. In this state, people become less self-aware or aware of their environment.

Available Damages

Accidents happen. If you were injured as a result of someone else’s negligence, you may be entitled to compensation for your losses. Below is a brief explanation of damages. Damages are a type of monetary award that is determined by a court of law to help compensate an aggrieved individual for any losses or injuries sustained as a result of someone’s negligence.

Economic Damages
Economic damages are intended to compensate a plaintiff for losses that a dollar amount can readily be attached to. Economic damages are calculated by determining the amount of out-of-pocket losses an aggrieved individual has or will expect to incur as a result of their injuries.

A few examples of economic losses include:

  • Loss of Earning Capacity
  • Medical Bills
  • Lost Wages

Non-Economic Damages
Non-economic damages are essentially intended to cover losses that are thought of as subjective and will not necessarily cover out-of-pocket losses. Non-economic damages may include compensation for:

  • Emotional Distress
  • Pain and Suffering
  • Loss of Enjoyment of Life

Punitive Damages
The third type of damages a California court may award are known as punitive damages. Punitive damages are intended as punishment and are only awarded when a defendant’s behavior is especially harmful. Punitive damages are relatively rare and in fact were only incorporated in 5 percent of all verdicts.

Furthermore, there is no real set standard for calculating and awarding punitive damages. Punitive damages are awarded at the court’s discretion and will vary depending on the specific circumstances of a case.

Limitations for Damages in California 
For the most part, there is no real cap on compensatory damages following a personal injury claim. This means that courts are able to award any amount they feel is appropriate and reasonable.

However, the only exception is regarding medical malpractice cases. In these cases, the limit for pain and suffering and other non-economic losses is $250,000.

West Coast Trial Lawyers Is Here to Help

If your loved one has suffered a brain injury due to the negligent actions of another individual, West Coast Trial Lawyers has brain injury attorneys that focus on complex litigation, including catastrophic injuries to the brain. Our attorneys will provide you with legal advice, guidance, and handle every aspect of your case. We will also fight to get you the justice and compensation you deserve for your losses.

We offer a free, no-obligation consultation. No fees are paid until we win your case. Reach out to our staff 24/7 by calling (213) 927-3700 or emailing [email protected]


If you have been injured in an accident, you can count on the legal team at West Coast Trial Lawyers to fight for your rights every step of the way. Contact us today to schedule your free case evaluation with a personal injury attorney.
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