Immediate Emergency Care: Emergency medical care for moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries will always focus on getting a victim enough oxygen and blood supply, maintaining healthy blood pressure, and minimizing further damage to the head or neck area. Injury victims with more severe injuries may require additional treatment to minimize secondary damage caused by bleeding, inflammation, or reduced oxygen to the brain.
Mild Injuries: A mild traumatic brain injury generally doesn’t require any more treatment other than rest and pain relief medication. This doesn’t mean that a mild injury victim is totally in the clear. A person with a mild traumatic brain injury needs to be monitored for worsening or new symptoms. A doctor must eventually clear a mild traumatic brain injury brain to return to work or school, but most people with mild injuries will gradually return to their daily routines.
In cases where there is evidence of secondary damage to the brain, the following medications may be administered:
Anti-Seizure Medication: Victims who have suffered a moderate to severe brain injury are at the highest risk of experiencing a seizure during the first week following an injury. Anti-seizure drugs may be administered during that delicate time to minimize additional damage that can be caused by a seizure.
Diuretics: These are used to help reduce the buildup of fluid and pressure inside the brain and help increase the output of urine.
Coma Inducing Medication: Drugs are sometimes used to put people into a temporary coma state to relieve stress on the brain because a comatose brain uses less oxygen to function.