Inborn brain injuries are a type of brain injury that may either fall within the category of acquired or traumatic brain injuries. According to the Brain Injury Association of America, an acquired brain injury is caused by “internal factors such as a lack of oxygen, exposure to toxins, pressure from a tumor, etc.”. Acquired brain injuries are also called non-traumatic brain injuries.
A traumatic brain injury is defined by the Brain Injury Association of America as, “an alteration of brain function, or other evidence of brain pathology, caused by an external force”.
Inborn brain injuries may be caused by either internal factors within the body or an external force. In either case, both types can lead to serious impairment of cognitive functioning. According to the Center for Disease Control, there are 2.8 million cases of traumatic brain injury in the United States every year. Around 75% of these cases are mild, but more than 280,000 people are hospitalized and up to 50,000 die from these injuries.