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Most Common Types of Brain Injuries

6 Common Types Of Brain Injuries and Symptoms

The brain is considered as the most powerful organ in the human body. It commands your memories, thoughts, emotions, motor skills, vision, touch, hunger, breathing, and temperature. Severe damage done to the brain can result in life-threatening injuries.

Below, our experienced attorneys at West Coast Trial Lawyers will go over potential injuries an individual may face when involved in an accident that impacts the brain.

6 Common Types of Brain Injuries

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Concussion – The head is severely impacted enough to result in a brain injury. Normally, a concussion is temporary. However, if you frequently have one, you may get permanent damage done to your brain.

  • Skull fracture – Can be caused by an impact or blow to the head. Having a mild break will cause a couple of problems, but should heal itself over time. However, severe breaks can result in bleeding in or around the brain. Additional other serious symptoms include brain damage, infection, seizures, and leaking of cerebrospinal fluid.
  • Subdural Hematoma – A life-threatening condition that causes the blood to gather and form on the surface of the brain. This will trigger the blood to press against the brain, which can destroy the tissue.
  • Edema – May cause swelling. Since your skull is not able to stretch out, the pressure build up could trigger your brain to press against your skull.
  • Intracranial hematoma – A blood vessel bursts within the brain. It can stem from trauma that is caused by an accident or a serious fall.
  • Diffuse axonal injuryThe brain quickly shifts inside the skull while an injury is happening. This can usually cause damage to several parts of the brain. A diffuse axonal injury is considered as one of the most common and dangerous types of brain injuries.



  • Headache,
  • Nausea,
  • Dizziness,
  • Lightheadedness,
  • Ear ringing, or
  • Moderate confusion.


  • Seizures,
  • Vomiting,
  • Losing consciousness,
  • Behavioural problems,
  • Struggling to control muscles,
  • Lack of balance,
  • Severe headaches,
  • Memory loss,
  • Vision problems, or
  • Clear fluid that comes out of the ear or nose.

Seeking Medical Attention 

If you have minor symptoms, you may use at-home remedies to recover. This includes:

  • Applying a cold pack on your head to reduce swelling.
  • Taking Aleve, Advil, or Tylenol.
  • If possible, have someone check up on you every few hours or so to help determine the state of your condition.

It is important to reach out to a doctor or medical expert if you believe your symptoms are getting worse. Call 911 or your local emergency services to receive immediate medical attention. You will get a proper treatment and diagnosis of your injury while you are at the hospital.

Available Damages

Accidents happen. If you were injured as a result of someone else’s negligence, you may be entitled to compensation for your losses. Below is a brief explanation of damages. Damages are a type of monetary award that is determined by a court of law to help compensate an aggrieved individual for any losses or injuries sustained as a result of someone’s negligence.

Economic Damages
Economic damages are intended to compensate a plaintiff for losses that a dollar amount can readily be attached to. Economic damages are calculated by determining the amount of out-of-pocket losses an aggrieved individual has or will expect to incur as a result of their injuries.

A few examples of economic losses include:

  • Loss of Earning Capacity
  • Medical Bills
  • Lost Wages

Non-Economic Damages
Non-economic damages are essentially intended to cover losses that are thought of as subjective and will not necessarily cover out-of-pocket losses. Non-economic damages may include compensation for:

  • Emotional Distress
  • Pain and Suffering
  • Loss of Enjoyment of Life

Punitive Damages
The third type of damages a California court may award are known as punitive damages. Punitive damages are intended as punishment and are only awarded when a defendant’s behavior is especially harmful. Punitive damages are relatively rare and in fact were only incorporated in 5 percent of all verdicts.

Furthermore, there is no real set standard for calculating and awarding punitive damages. Punitive damages are awarded at the court’s discretion and will vary depending on the specific circumstances of a case.

Limitations for Damages in California 
For the most part, there is no real cap on compensatory damages following a personal injury claim. This means that courts are able to award any amount they feel is appropriate and reasonable.

However, the only exception is regarding medical malpractice cases. In these cases, the limit for pain and suffering and other non-economic losses is $250,000.

West Coast Trial Lawyers Is Here to Help 

If you or a loved one has suffered a brain injury due to the negligent actions of another individual, West Coast Trial Lawyers has experienced brain injury attorneys that are determined to work tirelessly to ensure your expectations are met. Our attorneys will help you recover compensation for the losses you have suffered, including medical bills, property damage, lost wages, and pain and suffering.

We offer a free, no-obligation consultation at our firm. No fees are paid until we settle your case. Reach out to our friendly legal team 24/7 by calling (213) 927-3700 or emailing [email protected].


If you have been injured in an accident, you can count on the legal team at West Coast Trial Lawyers to fight for your rights every step of the way. Contact us today to schedule your free case evaluation with a personal injury attorney.
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