eBikes are defined as a “bicycle that can be run on electric power as well as by pedaling.” Since eBikes are virtually new adaptations, California bicycle accident law has divided the regulations into three classifications. AB 1096 is the law that defines each eBike classification, while prohibiting any motor that has more than 750 watts.
Class 1. ebike. Has the lowest speed of all the pedal-assisted electric bikes. These types of bikes stop their engines around 20 mph and only give support when the pedals are in motion. Class 1 eBikes are allowed everywhere that a traditional bike is allowed.
Class 2. ebike. Are also low speed bicycles, but include “throttle-assistance,” which refers to the electrical turn of the pedals without the help of the rider. The electric motor will stop the surge when the bike reaches 20 mph. You can also ride this bike anywhere you can ride a non-motorized bike.
Class 3 eBike. Have the fastest speed out of all the bikes reaching up to 28 mph before stopping assistance. Riders of the class 3 eBike must be at least 16 years old and are required to wear a helmet. These bikes are restricted from bike paths and hiking trails.